Religious Beliefs and Values
Religiosity is consider as term which is difficult to define and which include various factors in it such as experiential, ideological, ritualistic, intellectual creedal, doctrinal, consequential, culture and many more (Reker and Wong, 2012). The respective factor will directly and indirectly impact on psychological well being of a person who is from middle age to elderly age. The respective research is based on topic i.e. related to role of religiosity on the well being of a person at psychological level from there middle aged to elder age. For this researcher conduct research and for which they collect data by using method and resources. However, the religiosity can be considered as a quality of being religious, piety and devoutness. Moreover, people who strictly follow their religious norms and believe in relevant superstitions in context of making various decisions of life.
The respective research topic is considered as most focused topic for conducting research. Psychological wellness of aim individual is describe as reside in the experience of a person which are define as a state of feeling such as satisfy, happy and healthy, pleasure, relaxation, peace of mind and many more. Along with this there are some feeling which are consider as negative such as depression, anxiety, frustration, unhappiness and so on. Well being of a person at psychological level is considered as beliefs of an individual on religious factors (McDougall, 2016). So through this study researcher able to identify role of religious on the middle and elder age person’s psychology and their well being.
Aim of the research
“The role of religiosity on the psychological well-being of the middle-aged to the elderly people”.
Objective of research
- To analyse the concept of religiosity.
- To determine the importance of religiosity for psychological well being of middle aged to the elderly people.
- To examine the impact of religious aspects on psychological health of middle aged people.
Questions of the research
- How to analyse the concept of religiosity?
- What is the importance of religiosity for psychological well being of middle aged to the elderly people?
- How to examine the impact of religious aspects on psychological health of middle aged people?
Outline of method
It is describe as the methodology which is adopted by a researcher in order to gather data as well as information on a particular topic (Cherry and et.al., 2015). In respect of respective research they adopt quantitative method for collecting data as well as information in effective manner which lead to proper outcome.
In order to identify proper outcome of the research respective project manger gather information and data from approx 75 candidates who are aged among 45 to 75 years. For this researcher will select peoples who are leaving in their community and old age home which is located near their locality. Along with this researcher also collect as well as evaluate respond of participate in effective manner and in this they have to answer on the basis or sales of psychological well being as well as religious commitment. Moreover, project manager of respective research kept their collected data confidentially because it contains various personal information or data. Along with this for analyzing the data and information respective research project manager will use SPSS analysis method.
It is describe as an element which is required by a project manager while they are conducting their research in effective manner (Brim, Ryff and Kessler, 2019). There are several resources which are required by research such as funds, time duration, skilled labour and many more. In respect of respective research on the topic of identifying role of religiosity on the psychological well-being of the middle aged to the elderly people, project manager required resources like funds so that they adopt resources effectively in order to conduct work. Along with this they are required skilled labour or staffs who will help in collecting data and information and many more.
It is consider as factors which must be consider while conducting research in effective manner such as consideration of legal, cost, logistical consideration many more. The respondents of respective company are in between 45 to 75 age and they are going to answer their question which answers are based on scale and they need to consider the factor that all scale must not be of sensitive nature.
It is describe as time duration which is required by a researcher in order to complete their task as well as project in effective manner (Koenig, 2013). In respective of respective research, project manager required approx 6 months for conducting who work in proper ways.
This part of research is kind of review article and it is a kind of scholarly paper. It includes current knowledge consisting the substantive findings and theoretical methodological contributions to specific topic. It provides the brief description about particular area. Under this, the opinion and view points of different authors has been considered. It is based on the secondary method of data collection. There has been different sources used to gather information for an instance books, articles, journals, internet sources and many others.
The concept of religiosity
The term religiosity can be explained about the extent to that religion effects on societies and intersects with other various field of lives of people. It can be considered that religion plays a significant role in society including certain aspects such as beliefs, commitments and levels of engagement of individuals with specific religion. As per views of Dana Bjarnason (2019), it has been analysed that many individuals get highly influenced by their religions norms and values it reflects in their way of thinking and working on daily basis. The religiosity is collectivities and the characteristic of people that shows different features of the belief regarding supernatural and in what manner the social group or people engage in the behaviours concerned to supernatural. It is a kind of religious activity in extreme. It consists the ritualistic, consequential, doctrinal, intellectual, cultural dimensions etc. In addition to this, sociologists of the religion have been observed that beliefs of people. Belongingness and the behaviour are not identical with actual religious belief of an individual. On the other hand, religiosity is an extent to which the religion impacts the societies and also intersects with the other public life area. It explains role that the religion plays in a society consisting extent of commitments, engagement level and beliefs of people with specific region.
According to Anil Mathur (2019), the practice of religion is not only considered as a part of an individual’s culture but it can be described as a cultural belief system of people in society. It involves the criterion of believing and generating values of a person which impacts on their way of thinking and conducting daily work by making decisions. However, it has been analysed that cultural norms are responsible for encouraging to follow ethics by making them honest and true towards various aspects of life. In addition to this, every person has their own culture and religion which motivate them obey related norms and values in order to spend their lives properly. Religiosity is responsible for influencing the behaviours and decision making principles of an individual and various factors of satisfaction as well as well being. People belongs to various geographical areas has different religion and cultural norms which are followed by them in an appropriate manner.
Religion plays an important role in psychological wellness of people because religious values are helpful in shaping value orientations and motivation in order to succeed work. It consist the fact that hard work and economic success is viewed as a sign of salvation which can be encourage with the help of cultural norms. Meanwhile, religion helps an individual to remain motivated which facilitate to reduce several psychological problems such as stress, depression and anxiety. Moreover, individuals get demotivated when their success delayed or there are facing challenging phases of life then religious principles support them to remain calm and stable mentally.
The importance of religiosity for psychological well being of middle aged to the elderly people
Religion plays an important role as it is known as protective factor for maintaining psychological well being of people. It is observed that religious norms encourage people to follow ethics which facilitate to take correct steps in life for gaining better outcomes respectively. However, believing in religious aspects is also significant because it provides positivity and mental calmness which is helpful to make sure appropriate psychological health status of an individual. In addition to this, it is observed that a religion has several aspects which influence the psychological condition of an individual. It consists several factors such as prayer, meditation and yoga which plays an important role to improve psychological calm and wellness of elderly people. Moreover, it is analysed that middle aged people follow their religion honestly considering overall these elements. Initially, the factor of prayer can be considered and utilised like a self enhancing intervention for centuries. As per views of Bart Duriez (2018), a prayer is known to be inherently religious activity that can be specific or general. It has been analysed that elderly people believe to gain positivity in their lives in respect of achieving peace and prosperity in their lives. It consist the criterion of having fast on auspicious occasions in which individuals prefer to avoid anger and negative reactions as they try to remain calm which is beneficial for stable psychological condition. It will provide support to them for avoiding some common psychological problems such as stress, depression, isolation and anxiety which facilitate to make their lives stable and healthy. Prayer is a favourable factor of religion which impacts positively on mental health of elderly people when they obey religious or cultural norms & values ion proper manner.
Meditation can be described as an important part of religious practice which is utilised as it is favourable process in respect of decreasing physiological as well as psychological stress. According to opinion given by Shemaila Saleem and Tamkeen Saleem (2019), it is very important for maintain peace of brain and improve psychological well being of an individual. However, meditation is not only considered as a significant in religion but is is known as very effective method in medical field to have number of benefits for health of middle aged people. Moreover, it will render support reduce various health issue like self actualisation, irritability, anxiety, moodiness, improving learning ability, memory, feelings of vitality, rejuvenation and emotional stability. At the other hand, yoga is also a part of some of religions which is very important and beneficial in order to maintain proper health along with reducing chance of occurring diseases. Yoga is helpful to avoid several severe health problems and reduce related issue by conducting regular yoga activities by elderly people at home. However, religious factor yoga is widely utilise by individuals at global level for improving their health condition to remain disease free. Furthermore, it is responsible for developing mental, physical, intellectual, emotional and spiritual components which facilitate to build up a well round organic personality.
The impact of religious aspects on psychological health of middle aged people
Religions impacts on psychological condition of an individual according to their thoughts and beliefs. It consist the fact that a primitive a person had primitive religions and they worshipped number of element of natures such as air, cloud, sun, earth, water etc. However, religions are important as it facilitate to motivate elderly people for saving natural resources which is practically a very good aspect. Meanwhile, religion can be known as an organised, community based system of beliefs that impacts positively on mental health condition of elderly people. Laura Greenstein (2019) states that it is favourable for individuals because it is responsible for providing a sense of culture and typically offers a group of people to connect with over same thoughts & value. In addition to this, similar cultural beliefs of people encourage them to easily trust each other remain connected in future to help each other. It has been analysed that religious aspects impacts positively on mind set and thoughts of individuals as it motivate elderly people to avoid certain things such suicide attempts, alcohol, smoke and drug abuse. These factors are responsible for creating number of several physical and mental health problems that can be avoided with the help of religions values.